The sea-buckthorns (Hippophae L.) are deciduous shrubs in the genus Hippophae, family Elaeagnaceae. The name sea-buckthorn is hyphenated here to avoid confusion with the buckthorns (Rhamnus, family Rhamnaceae). It is also referred to as sandthorn, sallowthorn, or seaberry.
There are considered to be seven species, two of them probably of hybrid origin, native over a wide area of Europe and Asia.
The common sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is by far the most widespread of the species in the genus, with the ranges of its eight subspecies extending from the Atlantic coasts of Europe right across to northwestern China. In western Europe, it is largely confined to sea coasts where salt spray off the sea prevents other larger plants from out-competing it, but in central Asia it is more widespread in dry semi-desert sites where other plants cannot survive the dry conditions. In central Europe and Asia it also occurs as a subalpine shrub above tree line in mountains, and other sunny areas such as river banks. They are tolerant of salt in the air and soil, but demand full sunlight for good growth and do not tolerate shady conditions near larger trees. They typically grow in dry, sandy areas.
More than 90 percent or about 1,500,000 hectares (5,800 sq mi) of the world’s sea buckthorn plantations can be found in China where the plant is exploited for soil and water conservation purposes.
The shrubs reach 0.5–6 metres (1.6–20 ft) tall, rarely up to 10 metres (33 ft) in central Asia. The leaf arrangement can be alternate, or opposite.
Common Sea-buckthorn foliage and berries
Common sea-buckthorn has branches that are dense and stiff, and very thorny. The leaves are a distinct pale silvery-green, lanceolate, 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) long and less than 7 millimetres (0.28 in) broad. It is dioecious, with separate male and female plants. The male produces brownish flowers which produce wind-distributed pollen. The female plants produce orange berry-like fruit 6–9 millimetres (0.24–0.35 in) in diameter, soft, juicy and rich in oils. The roots distribute rapidly and extensively, providing a non-leguminous nitrogen fixation role in surrounding soils.
Hippophae salicifolia (willow-leaved sea-buckthorn) is restricted to the Himalaya, to the south of the common sea-buckthorn, growing at high altitudes in dry valleys; it differs from H. rhamnoides in having broader (to 10 millimetres (0.39 in) broad) and greener (less silvery) leaves, and yellow berries. A wild variant occurs in the same area, but at even higher altitudes in the alpine zone. It is a low shrub not growing taller than 1 metre (3.3 ft) with small leaves 1–3 centimetres (0.39–1.2 in) long.
Seabuckthorn Seed Oil Capsules
An excellent source of a natural anti-oxidant Vitamin E. Natural cholesterol lowering oleic acid. A perfectly balanced ratio of essential fatty acids, Omega 3 to Omega 6 so lacking in our ‘modern diet,.
Seabuckthorn Flavone Capsules
Our flavone capsules are made from the seed and fruit of seabuckthorn and contain all the fatty acids of both.
They also contain Vitamin C, Vitamin E and beta carotene as well as other vitamins and minerals.
Each capsule contains up to 600 mcg of the flavonoids quercetin, isorhamnetin and kaempherol.
Flavonoids improve vessel strength and increase cardiovascular and brain circulation as well as improving the immune function.
Seabuckthorn Fruit Oil Capsules
Our Fruit Oil is the most potent source of palmitoleic acid (C16:1) with values as high as 34%. Its low peroxide value makes it a very stable oil. It is used both internally and externally for its many healing properties This fatty acid supports cellular regeneration as a component of the skin fat and creates a silky soft and smooth feeling to the skin. In addition it contains carotenoids, tocopherols and phytosterols.